In the era of the rapidly growing epidemic of the coronavirus, more and more people are beginning to think about competent prevention of this disease. Moreover, an effective drug for its treatment has not yet been created — pharmacologists, together with doctors, have been trying to develop such a drug for several months, but all their efforts have so far remained ineffective.
The disease is characterized by instability — in some cases, the simplest drugs such as arbidol or aspirin help, while in others even the most modern means are not able to alleviate the patient’s condition. In this regard, in our article today we decided not to talk about treatment, but about the prevention of the disease — we made a rating of the 10 best preventive measures to combat coronavirus.
The ten most effective preventive measures to protect against coronavirus in 2022
10. Keep surfaces clean
As you know, this disease is transmitted by airborne droplets and contact. Due to the fact that pathogens do not accumulate on surfaces, it is necessary to constantly maintain their cleanliness. Taking into account the self-isolation regime introduced throughout the country, it is not too difficult to do this — it is enough to wipe dust and wet cleaning once a day in the apartment. It is best to do this with the addition of various antiseptics. It is necessary to stock up in advance with everything you need for cleaning — cleaning wipes for various types of surfaces, floor washing liquids, and so on. Instead of glass cleaner, you can use special wipes for wiping monitors and other similar surfaces — they can cope with dirt much faster. Cleaning is carried out from top to bottom. In other words, first they wash the chandelier, then the cornices, mezzanines, cabinets, window sills, drawers. The floors are washed last. The principle is clear and easy to explain — the dust from the upper tiers will not fall on the freshly washed surfaces, thereby minimizing the effect of the cleaning.
Some people prefer to use a washing vacuum cleaner — it is best for homes where the floors are carpeted or carpeted, but such a tool will also successfully cope with tiles, linoleum and parquet. If there are no funds to purchase such equipment, you can use an ordinary mop or a mop with a fringe and self-wringing. However, in this case, it will be necessary to use various household chemicals that allow you to effectively clean pile coatings from dirt. It must be said right away that too much liquid should not be used when cleaning the carpet, since in this case it will not have time to dry quickly, which will eventually lead to mold. Many people forget to clean their radiators, even though they accumulate a huge amount of dust over time. If you have to clean the product manually, then you can put a wide tray under the battery, for example, made of cardboard, spray the radiators from a spray bottle with warm water with the addition of a certain amount of detergent. Dirt will flow down, after which you just need to carefully wipe the battery with a dry cloth.
- Such prevention has two goals — it saves the room where a person spends a lot of time from pathogens of many bacterial and viral diseases, and also keeps the apartment clean;
- It is enough to carry out one general cleaning, and then just wipe the dust.
- You will have to spend a lot of time and effort;
- It is necessary to use a large number of tools and detergents.
Surface cleanliness maintenance
9. Cleanliness of hands
Doctors recommend that you remember to keep your hands clean all the time, do not forget about it even in crowded transport or at a street fast food outlet. At the same time, experts do not recommend using soap too often, as this can lead to drying of the skin and deterioration of the immune system layer that is on the palms. Handwashing even has its own day — at the initiative of the UN, it is celebrated on October 15th. Handwashing saves thousands of lives every day, experts say. The fact is that pathogens of various diseases can enter the body through unwashed hands — cholera, pneumonia, hepatitis, influenza, acute respiratory infections and diseases, coronavirus, and so on. Many people forget about clean hands in a big city. If you use public transport with enviable regularity, then you will need to have wet wipes with you all the time. Immediately after exiting the transport, hands should be wiped with napkins or a special bactericidal gel should be applied to the skin.
The fact is that it is in the conditions of public transport that a huge number of various diseases spread, moreover, many people pass through buses, trolleybuses and the subway every day. Accordingly, there are a lot of pathogens there. You can use a medical mask, but this is not necessary. Eating outdoors can also lead to very serious consequences — getting diseases of a viral or bacterial type. Street food is literally saturated with germs, especially since small fast food establishments do not offer wet wipes to their customers, thereby neglecting sanitary standards. If possible, you need to use baby or tar soap, they do not dry the skin and at the same time reliably get rid of all bacteria.
- With a competent approach, it will be possible not to get sick not only with the coronavirus, but also with a very large number of other diseases;
- It is not necessary to use only soap to clean your hands — there are different types of wet wipes and antibacterial gels that can be used literally on the go.
- Excessive use of soap can lead to drying of the skin, as well as a violation of the immune layer on the skin of the hands.
Cleanliness of hands
8. Avoid touching your face
Even if you very often clean your hands of dirt, you won’t be able to achieve their sterility, bacteria easily enter the body through the mucous membranes, which are quite numerous on the face. The fact is that a person often literally unconsciously touches his face, rubs his eyes, and so on. To get rid of the habit of touching your face, you need to make each of the touches conscious. For some, this need is caused by anxiety, stress, anxiety and other unfavorable conditions of human psychology or physiology. However, this is not too easy to do, so often this approach is completely ineffective. You can do otherwise — develop another habit that will replace those situations when a person touches his face.
If you sometimes have to prop your chin with your hand while working, you can think of a different sitting position at the computer, change the height and angle of the monitor. When a person regularly touches the face, scratches or rubs certain areas, it is best to purchase an anti-stress toy that can be rolled in the hand all the time. She will allow you to replace unnecessary touches. Touching the face can be made unpleasant, for example, by wearing gloves — vinyl or latex are quite suitable, they can print and do other small things. If you regularly touch your eyes, then there is an option to start wearing glasses even if your eyesight is good: you can use light solar, color or specialized for a personal computer.
- The absence of touching the face allows you to prevent the penetration of diseases through the mucous membranes;
- If you manage to get rid of this habit, then irritated and inflamed areas will leave the surface of the skin, and the number of acne will decrease.
- Fighting such a habit is very problematic, so not everyone can cope with it.
Avoid touching your face
7. Avoid handshakes and friendly hugs
The tradition of shaking hands when meeting or making a deal dates back to the deep Middle Ages. Today, the vast majority of men cannot imagine meeting friends without such a ceremony. However, in the context of the rapidly spreading coronavirus, which, according to many experts, is also transmitted by contact, it will still be necessary to temporarily prevent unnecessary touches. In particular, many large companies have developed special orders that clearly indicate that handshakes and other unnecessarily touching are strictly prohibited, with the most severe sanctions applied to violators, up to and including dismissal. According to doctors, the virus can be transmitted by airborne droplets from one person to another through direct contact at a distance of no more than two meters. The transfer of bacteria is also carried out during handshakes. The infection does not penetrate the skin, but if a person touches his face with infected hands, the disease can still enter the body.
According to studies, coronavirus pathogens can remain active on plastic or metal surfaces for up to 9 days, and on human skin for up to 12 days. Of course, if both people thoroughly washed their hands with soap and treated them with an antiseptic, then nothing bad will happen when shaking hands, unfortunately, such an ideal situation is not always found. The World Health Organization also recommends keeping your workplace clean. In order to prevent pathogenic bacteria from multiplying there, at least once a day you need to wipe the keyboard and table with wet wipes soaked in special compounds.
- Unfortunately, it will not be easy to abandon such a familiar and worldwide ritual, but this measure can significantly slow down the spread of coronavirus in the world;
- A person does not waste time shaking hands, immediately moving on to a business conversation.
- Not all people adequately perceive such a measure and often simply neglect it.
Avoid handshakes and friendly hugs
6. Medical masks
Specialists working in the World Health Organization approves the use of disposable and reusable medical masks to protect against various diseases such as acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, and the latest type of coronovirus. However, WHO employees, including Russian experts, clarify one very important fact — a medical mask is not very protective. Virologists note that the mask is not capable of retaining all the microscopic particles of the disease that enter the body through the nasopharynx. However, a sterile cotton-gauze bandage will ensure that a minimal amount of bacteria exits the body of an already infected person. The fewer virus cells in the blood, the higher the likelihood. that the immune system will successfully overcome the disease. Medical masks intended for workers of hospitals and clinics, as well as for people to wear in everyday life, include four layers of filtering and water-repellent materials.
All of them are used in order to retain biological fluids during exhalation — drops of saliva and mucus. However, many masks are characterized by not too tight fit to the face. Because of this, a large part of the air bypasses the filters and enters the human lungs in its original form. In eastern countries, especially in Japan and China, anatomical masks for disposable use are most widely used — they strictly follow the shape of the face, fit snugly and practically do not let unfiltered air through. In Russian stores on free sale, they only began to appear, but are in great demand. Instead of a mask, you can use a respirator — it works much more efficiently than a mask, so their use is also fully justified.
- Masks and respirators allow you to reliably protect the respiratory organs and mucous membranes of the nasopharynx from the penetration of a large number of bacteria;
- Similar filter elements make it possible to prevent particles of saliva or mucous membranes saturated with pathogens from leaving the infected body;
- They are widely used as a prophylactic.
- Masks make breathing difficult;
- They are completely contraindicated for people suffering from respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases.
5. Compliance with food and personal hygiene
It is advisable to abandon the use of common items not only in street conditions, but also at home. In particular, each family member should have their own towel and toothbrush. This will minimize the spread of bacteria. After going outside, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly. When visiting grocery stores, you also have to be very careful. It is advisable to make an accurate list of necessary purchases before going for food, it is highly undesirable to touch other objects — with the help of such recommendations, it will be possible to minimize contact with potentially infected surfaces. It is forbidden to purchase goods that are not packed in polyethylene, paper bags, and so on. Whenever possible, preference is given to packaged products rather than bulk products. If it is possible to order goods online, then you need to use it, once again without leaving your home.
All products brought from the store should be thoroughly washed, removed from the store packaging, replacing it with homemade. Coffee and tea from boxes and jars are poured into other containers, chocolate is divided into slices and also put into a jar. After all the products are put away in their places, you must again thoroughly wash your hands. It is advisable to cook food for yourself and family members at home, you can order blues only in a trusted establishment, after delivery you need to transfer the food to home packaging and subject it to additional heat treatment.
- If you follow these simple rules, you will be able to reliably protect both yourself and your loved ones from the likelihood of contracting the disease;
- If you follow the rules of personal hygiene, you will be able to improve your overall health and prevent a large number of other infectious diseases.
- Such a method of prevention can be associated with a large number of inconveniences, as well as significant time costs.
food and personal hygiene
We have already talked about some external protective equipment before — these are medical masks, various antiseptics. However, it will not be superfluous to support your body with the help of medications, which, in combination with other measures, will help to largely prevent the onset of the disease. It is advisable to keep eye drops with antiseptic or antibacterial action in the home first aid kit. They will help to reliably protect the mucous membrane of the eyes. The composition envelops the cornea, which destroys all pathogens that have fallen on it. For prevention, one instillation per day is enough — in the morning or before leaving the house. Immediately after contact with a potentially sick person, the procedure must be repeated.
You will also need antiseptic agents for the nasal mucosa — oxolinic ointment, protargol and similar preparations. All of them perfectly protect a person in public places. Bacteria will also not penetrate through the nasal cavity. The antiseptic for the throat does not work for too long, but at the same time it destroys bacteria qualitatively. It is best to take these remedies before leaving the house and immediately after returning. You can also improve immunity with the help of special medications — tinctures of ginseng, amixin and proteflazid.
- Means protect the body from the inside — bacteria that have entered through personal protective equipment are neutralized either by the immune system or by drugs;
- The preventive approach has proven to be effective.
- To receive each drug should be approached very carefully, you will need to first consult with a specialist.
As you know, the birthplace of this disease is one of the regions of China — the small town of Wuhan. It was from there that the coronovirus began to spread widely throughout the world, reaching first to European countries, Italy was especially affected by this, and then to Russia and the United States. Therefore, a special bill was developed and adopted, obliging that every person who returned from abroad must notify the special service as soon as possible and stay at home for the next two weeks — on the so-called self-isolation. At the same time, a special sick leave is issued to a person, which allows him to keep his income at the workplace during this time. This period was chosen for the reason that the incubation period of the disease is about 2 weeks, that is, if a person has caught this virus, during this time his symptoms will definitely appear.
Such a preventive measure requires high self-discipline from each person, since there have been repeated cases that people who returned from outside the country neglected the need to stay at home for some time, and began to actively visit public places, went to work, and so on. For such irresponsible citizens, rather large fines were introduced for violating this regime. Indeed, this measure is bearing fruit — the pandemic is spreading across Russian regions much more slowly compared to other countries, which helps doctors fully and timely respond to each identified case of the disease.
- This event does not require financial costs;
- Passive prevention is, in fact, just waiting for the symptoms to show up.
- Significant fines are imposed for violation of the regime, which are imposed not by a court decision, but immediately at the place where the violation is recorded.
2. Don’t buy from pet markets
As scientists have been able to determine, animals are also carriers of the coronavirus, and they themselves, as a rule, do not get sick. In this regard, you need to be very careful — you can interact with pets, but it is advisable to stay away from stray and those who are sold on the market. In the fur of animals, the coronavirus is able to remain active for a very long time. In addition, interesting points regarding this disease were clarified — it is not static, the virus constantly mutates, creating more and more new strains. This greatly complicates the identification and control of such a disease. To date, about 39 varieties of this disease have been identified.
If you have to spend a lot of time with animals, you should wear protective medical gloves and a medical mask or respirator. Together they means to help against penetration. If possible, contact with unknown pets should be avoided altogether.
- This method is designed to protect veterinarians and other people who are constantly in contact with animals from disease;
- Nothing special is required from people.
- If you have to come into contact with animals, then you must fully protect yourself with the help of personal protective equipment, as well as preventive medicines.
Do not buy from pet markets
1. Timely visit to the doctor
As with any other disease, it will be possible to cope with it much faster and without negative health consequences if you seek help from a specialist in a timely manner. According to doctors, the symptoms of this virus at the first stage do not differ at all from the flu or a standard acute respiratory viral infection. The main danger of this disease lies in the fact that it often gives a complication, which is a viral pneumonia of the lungs, which develops almost instantly — within 24 hours. In addition to the main symptoms, a person may suffer from severe diarrhea, accompanied by bacterial and fungal infections. There have been cases when the disease proceeds without any symptoms at all.
At the same time, in the vast majority of patients (approximately in the region of 80% of all registered cases), the disease passes in a very mild form — a slight fever, cough and runny nose. 14% develop a severe form, and another 5-6% may develop respiratory failure. This is what leads to respiratory arrest and death. The virus is very dangerous for the elderly and patients suffering from chronic diseases: pathologies of the cardiovascular system, diabetes, a number of chronic lung diseases, and oncological diseases. Experts do not advise self-medication, as this can lead not only to significant complications and infection of many other people.
- Timely access to a doctor allows you to prevent serious consequences;
- The specialist will prescribe a course of treatment depending on the individual characteristics of the specialist.
- The main thing is that the doctor can recognize the disease in a timely manner.
Timely visit to the doctor
In conclusion, a useful video
As you can see, there are a lot of ways to protect yourself from the disease, and as you know, it is better to prevent the disease than to treat it later, in addition, there is information about subsequent side effects. We hope that you will be able to protect yourself and your loved ones from this terrible disease that has claimed many lives around the world in 2022. Tell us how you are trying to deal with the threat of the coronavirus.
View useful information on the prevention of coronavirus on the Rosportebnadzor website!