Despite the fact that the pear is a rather capricious fruit tree, the vast majority of owners of summer cottages are engaged in its cultivation. However, certain points should be taken into account: the root system of the tree has a negative attitude to the close occurrence of groundwater, the culture does not tolerate low temperatures. In the past few years, the pear population has significantly decreased due to bacterial cancer, and no cure has yet been found for this disease.
In our ranking of the best pear varieties of the year, we tried to collect the most resistant breeds that can withstand even very harsh climatic conditions. In the review, we will tell in detail not only about the varieties themselves, but also about the rules for caring for them.
Early ripe varieties
Released towards the end of the last century. Initially, the variety was developed for cultivation in the central regions, but later it turned out that it is quite suitable for other regions of the country, for example, for many Ural and Siberian regions. The trees themselves are not too large — they usually rarely exceed 3-4 m in height, except for not very dense, more like a cone in shape. Branches are sparse, with upturned tips. The bark of the trunk is smooth, has a gray tint, young twigs are brown. The foliage is medium to large in size, has a light green tint, it has pointed tips and slight serration. The leaves are smooth, with a glossy sheen. The flowers are large, their petals are white, and in shape they are more like a bowl.
Despite the fact that the pear was originally developed as an early variety, the ripening period of the crop can vary significantly depending on a large number of characteristics: the number of sunny days, temperature conditions, and so on. The tree brings the first fruits literally in the third or fourth year after planting. From this point on, fruiting becomes regular, and the yield increases year by year. The fruits have a delicate skin, medium-density pulp, but it is very juicy, dry matter in a pear is not more than 16%.
- Perfectly withstands even severe frosts and other adverse climatic conditions;
- It gives a crop for the first time three to four years after planting;
- The number of fruits increases from year to year.
- The pear is rather small;
- Stored poorly;
- Cannot be transported over long distances.
The variety is characterized by a fairly powerful central trunk and skeletal branches of the crown. The main crop usually ripens on annual twigs, which, in turn, are rather thin. However, they visually appear even thinner when they begin to sag under the weight of the ripening crop. The average weight of one fruit is about 150 grams, and the sizes of pears are almost the same — it is rare when it is possible to remove a pear weighing more than 200 grams. Their shape is quite typical: symmetrical and somewhat elongated. The skin becomes yellowish as it ripens from light green. If direct sunlight fell on it, then there is also a slight red-pink blush.
The seed chamber of the pear is very small. The pulp has a whitish color, not very juicy. The taste is perfectly balanced: it is dominated by sweetness, but there is also a strongly perceptible sourness. From one adult tree in one season, you can collect up to 60 kg of fruit. The seedling begins to bear fruit 4-5 years after planting. The pear usually ripens in three stages: the first occurs at the end of the second decade of August, the second occurs in early September, and the third begins around the 10th. Ripe pears do not fall off the tree even in strong wind and rain.
- The variety bears fruit annually — the tree does not rest;
- High taste characteristics of a pear;
- No need for pollinating varieties;
- Well resists all sorts of fungal diseases;
- Not too demanding in relation to the quality of the soil.
- Can be stored for a maximum of a week;
- The tree grows very tall.
One of the lowest varieties in our entire ranking — an adult tree is usually not higher than 2.5 meters. Crown density and foliage density are also insignificant. Young seedlings have a crown that has the shape of a funnel, as it grows older, it turns into a pyramidal one. The main trunk has a soft gray color. One-year-old branches, as a rule, are quite long, differ in the brown color of the bark, and are oval in cross section. The foliage usually has a pointed shape, often shiny on the outside, the reverse part is matte, slightly rough to the touch, there are small teeth along the edges. It blooms in clusters of 5-7 buds, which will be very convenient during the harvest.
The pear is not too large — the weight of one fruit is not more than 120 grams, larger specimens are very, very rare. The form is the most ordinary, quite familiar to a pear. The skin is smooth, very thin, has a glossy sheen, painted in straw color. The side turned to the sun is covered with a scarlet blush. The pulp has a light lemon tint, the degree of juiciness is medium, the structure is not very dense. The taste is quite sweet, but there is sourness in it.
- Excellent resistance to low temperatures;
- Does not need special care;
- Even overripe fruits will not crumble;
- Gives a bountiful harvest every year.
- Poorly tolerates lack of moisture;
- After harvest, the crop begins to deteriorate quickly.
A tree of this variety grows to a height of no more than 2.5 meters. The shoots are closed, they have a large amount of foliage, so the crown is quite dense. The bark is painted in a rich gray color. The fruits are medium in size, the skin is dense, but thin, has a yellow-green color. The pulp is creamy, not very juicy, but has a delicate aroma. Even after full ripening, the pear remains hanging on the tree, so the harvest will be very easy. If you create the right conditions, then the pear can be stored for four months. Agronomists claim that the variety is cross-pollinated, so a pear of a different variety will have to be planted in the immediate vicinity of the tree.
The variety will give the maximum possible yield on fertile soils with low acidity. If the soil is acidic on the site, then once a season lime will need to be applied to the ground. In addition, the tree requires a decent amount of nutrients — three times a season you will have to fertilize with humus with the addition of mineral compounds, for example, superphosphate or potassium chloride. The breed easily tolerates drought, but it will have to be watered during the period of flowering and fruit set, as well as the filling of the future crop.
- Perfectly resists the negative effects of low temperatures;
- For the first time it brings a crop about two to three years after planting;
- Excellent taste of products.
- Requires fairly close and attentive care;
- As the fruits age, they will begin to shrink.
This variety was developed by domestic breeders almost immediately after the Great Patriotic War. Since then, this breed has remained very popular with many summer residents, especially those whose plots are located in fairly frosty regions. The tree grows low, the crown is medium in density, shaped like a pyramid. It is covered with medium bright green foliage. The fruits grow on the kolchatka, formed on the branches of 2-4 years of age. The variety blooms very early, but the flowers perfectly resist low temperatures, although the climatic regime affects the ripening time of the crop.
The fruits themselves contain a high concentration of nutrients, sugars, which provides excellent taste. The pulp of the variety is juicy and grainy, has a rich smell. The fruits are much larger in comparison with the species already considered — they weigh an average of 150-170 grams, but specimens weighing 220 grams are often found.
- The variety has the highest innate immunity — the tree will perfectly resist fruit rot, powdery mildew, scab;
- Fruits have an excellent trade dress;
- The peel is highly durable, so the pear can be transported over long distances;
- High yield every year.
- Does not tolerate lack of moisture;
- Periodically it is necessary to thin out the crown.
1. August dew
This breed will fully reveal its main characteristics when grown in the Central Chernozem regions. In addition to high productivity, the tree itself looks quite beautiful and elegant. It can become a real decoration of the suburban area. In height, the breed often reaches three meters, the density of the crown is at an average level. The shape of the foliage is quite familiar, the bark is smooth, has a light gray color. In the spring, it blooms very profusely, but the amount of ovary directly depends on environmental conditions. The tree needs a pollinating pear growing nearby.
The size of the fruit is not very large — the weight of the pear is about 150 g, however, under good climatic conditions, specimens grow up to 200 grams and even more. Almost all fruits have the same size and weight — all this has a positive effect on the presentation of the pear. Its form is classic, familiar to everyone. The skin is thick but thin. As it matures, it acquires a yellowish tint, a barely noticeable pinkish blush may appear on the sunny side.
- Very high taste characteristics;
- Excellent yield;
- Suitable for baby food;
- Good resistance to frost and drought;
- Can be stored for a long time.
- If there are a lot of pears, then marketability is greatly reduced;
- Predisposition to various diseases.
pear august dew
Late pear varieties
4. Bryansk beauty
It has excellent external qualities, the breed does not need special care, annually produces a significant amount of fruits that can be stored for a long time without losing external qualities and taste characteristics. The tree itself is low, the shape of the crown is rounded. The bark of young shoots is burgundy-brown. The apical leaves on fresh branches also have an excellent color — burgundy-red. The foliage itself is elongated, characterized by small size, dark green color. The outside is smooth and shiny.
The variety blooms quite late, when all spring frosts are long gone. Accordingly, critical ambient temperatures are not observed, they can in no way affect the amount of the crop. The seedling begins to bear fruit in the fifth year. From one hectare you can get up to 20 centners of pears. They are quite large — they weigh up to 210 grams, the skin is golden yellow, there is a blush.
- Self-pollinating variety;
- The fruits are quite large;
- The crop matures quickly;
- The first time bears fruit already in the third year;
- It tolerates frost well;
- It has a high immunity to diseases and pests.
- Due to lack of moisture, the appearance of the fruit may deteriorate.
Pear Bryansk Beauty
3. Just Maria
This variety ripens around mid-October. It is distinguished by quite high yields, easily tolerates even prolonged frosts, and they do not in the least affect the overall quality of the fruit. The tree can withstand temperatures down to -38 degrees. Even if individual branches freeze, they are able to recover on their own. The tree itself grows quickly, but it grows small — up to a maximum of 2.5 m. The shape of the crown resembles a wide pyramid. Its diameter can reach 2.5 m, the density is medium.
The shape of the fruit is familiar, they are quite large — an average of 180 grams, but there are also 220 grams, and sometimes more. The peel has a light yellow tint, on the one hand there is often a light pinkish gloss. The skin itself is not too dense, but smooth and very tender. The pulp is fine-grained, yellowish-white in color. The taste of the variety is sweet and sour with a well-captured aroma. From one tree you can collect up to 70 kg of fruit.
- Begins to bear fruit 3-4 years after planting;
- Excellent resistance to even the most dangerous diseases;
- Consistently high yield;
- With ease transfers even very adverse weather conditions.
- As the fruits age, they begin to shrink.
Pear Just Maria
2. Beauty Chernenko
One of the tallest varieties — a tree can reach a height of five meters. The crown has the shape of a narrow pyramid. There are not too many shoots, they are all smooth and slightly curved. Grow straight up. The bark of the tree is perfectly even, there are no roughnesses on it. It is brown in color. The buds are tightly pressed to the shoots, rather large. The foliage is wide, has a dark green color, slightly concave, there are notches along the edges. The breed blooms in early June. Harvest ripens around September, but this period may vary depending on climatic conditions.
The fruits have a sour-sweet taste, have a light and delicate aroma. The shape of the pear is standard, slightly bumpy. The skin is of medium thickness, there is a slight wax coating. The pulp is colored white, not very dense, but juicy. It looks very beautiful — the fruits are slightly greenish, have a red or red-brown blush. The pear contains a high concentration of vitamin C and sugars. From one tree per season, you can collect up to 140 kg of fruit.
- Self-pollinating variety;
- Excellent fruit quality;
- Good resistance to most diseases;
- Relatively high yield.
- Very high breed;
- Fruits have different sizes;
- Low resistance to frost.
Pear Beauty Chernenko
1. In memory of Yakovlev
A very popular variety among Russian gardeners. First of all, it occupies a minimum of free space on the site and, as a result, casts little shadow. In height, the tree is obtained no more than 2 meters. It has a rounded crown, which, moreover, is not too thick. The branches grow symmetrically, located at right angles to the trunk. The variety gives shoots with ease. On the trunk, the bark is a little flaky, but on young branches it will be perfectly smooth. The buds have a conical shape, slightly bent, the foliage of the breed is dark green, there are small teeth along the edges. The variety blooms with white and rather large flowers — it looks very beautiful.
The fruits of this pear are large: the average weight is 200 grams. They are distinguished by a dense skin of a golden yellow color, subcutaneous points are practically not found here. The flesh is very juicy and sweet in taste, there is not the slightest hint of astringency. The tree for the first time begins to bear fruit 4-5 years after planting, fully yields after 7 years. From one pear, you can already collect up to 20 kg of fruits at this age, which can be stored for up to one and a half months.
- The tree perfectly withstands low air temperatures;
- High immunity against fruit diseases;
- Decent yields;
- You can store the fruits for quite a long time;
- The tree itself looks very beautiful;
- In small areas, you can plant quite densely.
- Doesn’t tolerate water shortages well.
Pear of Memory of Yakovlev
In conclusion, a useful video
So our review of the best pear varieties has ended. We hope that it turned out to be quite useful for you, and you were able to choose the most suitable option for your climatic and soil conditions. If you already have some experience with one of the breeds presented in the rating, then you can share it with other readers in the comments to this article. They will certainly be interested in receiving first-hand information.