I welcome everyone! I present a selection in which smartphones with the largest matrix are marked. One can ask a quite reasonable question: “Why do we need a large matrix?” — everything is quite simple: the larger the matrix, the larger the size of each pixel, respectively, it can capture more light, which is why the final photo will be better. Undoubtedly, in order to take a great photo, it is also necessary that all other components (processor computing performance, high data transfer rate of RAM, neuromodules (responsible for neural calculations), as well as modules that are responsible for photo processing) and software algorithms are at a high enough level. Starting in 2019, manufacturers began to increase the number of pixels while maintaining the size of the matrix, but they added technology that can combine several pixels into one, which retained all the advantages when using 48, 50, 64 and 108 MP modes in good light and 12 or 27 megapixels in low light conditions. The selection will consist of the following order: smartphones with the largest matrix will be in the first place and then in decreasing order.
After analyzing the market with the largest matrices, I created this selection. I can note that most of the models came out in 2021. If somewhere I made a mistake or did not indicate this or that model, please indicate this in the comments. I can’t recommend these smartphones for purchase, rather, the selection was created for general information, who are interested in the topic of “camera phones”
Xiaomi Mi 11 Ultra/Xiaomi Mi 11 Pro
In smartphones, the main module has the largest sensor in mobile smartphones at the moment — Samsung GN2 at 50 megapixels with an aperture of 1.95. The sensor size is 1/1.12, which gives a pixel size of 1.4 microns at 50 MP, and when combined 4 pixels into 1, an incredible 2.8 microns
Honor Magic 3 Pro Plus/Huawei P40 Pro Plus/ Huawei Mate P40 Pro
The extremely popular IMX700 module with a slightly higher resolution than the Samsung GN2 — 52 MP, which was developed specifically for Huawei and Honor smartphones. The aperture on all smartphones is 1.9. The matrix size is 1/1.28, the pixel size at 52 megapixels is 1.22 µm, with binning it gives 2.44 µm.
Vivo X60 Pro Plus/Vivo iQOO 5 Pro/Meizu 18 Pro
Despite different companies, they all have the same matrices, but with different apertures: Vivo X60 Pro Plus — ƒ / 1.57, iQOO 5 Pro — ƒ / 1.85, Meizu 18 Pro — ƒ / 1.9, respectively, Vivo X60 Pro has the most aperture optics. Resolution of Samsung GN1 is 50MP, sensor size is 1/1.31 inch, pixel size in 50MP mode is 1.2µm, when reduced to 12MP, the pixel size becomes already 2.4µm
Xiaomi Mi 10 Ultra
Last year’s ultra flagship from Xiaomi with a modest sensor from Omnivision — OV48C at 48 megapixels. The aperture of this particular model is 1.85. The matrix dimensions are 1/1.32 (which is slightly smaller than the above-described models that use Samsung GN1), the pixel size is 1.2 µm, with binning of 4 pixels in 1, the size is already 2.4 µm.
Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra
Flagship from Samsung. The first smartphone from the selection with a matrix, the resolution of which is a huge 108 megapixels. Branded sensor — Samsung S5KHM3 with an aperture of 1.8. The matrix dimensions are 1/1.33 inch, which gives a pixel size of 0.8 microns in 108 MP mode and 2.4 microns in 12 MP mode, this is due to the fact that the pixel no longer consists of 4 adjacent pixels, but 9.